Redundancy is the unnecessary repetition of an idea. For example,
it is redundant to say "a beginner lacking experience."
The word beginner implies lack of experience by itself. You can
eliminate redundant words or phrases without changing the meaning
of the sentence. Watch out for words that add nothing to the sense
of the sentence, because redundancy takes
away from the clarity and conviction of a statement.
Here are some common redundancies:
1. refer back
2. Few in number
4. Grouped together
5. In my own personal
in my opinion
6. End result
7. Serious crisis
8. New initiatives
Redundancy often results from carelessness,
but you may easily eliminate redundant elements when proofreading.
Exercise: Proofread these sentences for redundancy:
1. Those who can follow directions
are few in number.
2. She has deliberately chosen
to change careers.
3. Dialogue opens up many doors to compromise.
4. The ultimate conclusion is that environmental and economic
concerns are intertwined.
1. Few people can follow directions.
2. She has chosen to change careers.
3. Dialogue opens many doors
4. The conclusion is that environmental
and economic concerns are intertwined.