GMAT Verbal Critical Reasoning
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Author:  questioner [ Sun Aug 04, 2013 10:59 am ]
Post subject:  GMAT Verbal Critical Reasoning

Representative: Our prisons have been criticized for having what some say are inadequate facilities. While it is true that there are still many improvements to be made, critics should consider that improving the prisons has been one of the state's primary concerns in the past few years. In fact, over the last few years we have spent more money on this project than on any other.

Which of the following statements, if true, most seriously undermines the reasoning in the representative's argument?
A. Prison systems in neighboring states have also been criticized for having inadequate facilities.
B. In the past few years, there has been a sharp increase in the number of felony convictions in this state.
C. Only states with presently inadequate facilities would need to allocate large amounts of money to the prison system.
D. In general, prison systems require more money to maintain than other institutions of a comparable size.
E. State funds should go toward improving the economy and eradicating homelessness, not improving the prisons.
(C) This question asks you to find the statement that most seriously undermines the reasoning in the argument. The argument consists of a state representative's response to criticism regarding the adequacy of their prison facilities. The attempts to counter this charge by changing the subject and saying that the state plans to allocate a lot of funds to the prison system in the next year. A statement that undermines this reasoning will suggest a way in which increased spending may not lead to adequate facilities.
Choice (A) presents unrelated information; we are concerned with the prison system in this state, not those in neighboring states.
Choice (B) suggests a reason why the prison facilities may be inadequate: if there has been a recent increase in felony convictions, then there may be more inmates than the system can handle. This appears to undermine the representative's argument insofar it shows that the critics were likely justified in calling the facilities inadequate. However, we don't know how the increase in felony convictions actually affected the total number of inmates in the system; without this additional information, the statement in choice (B) can have no effect on the argument.
Choice (C) shows a way in which increased spending may not lead to adequate facilities. If the state allocated large amounts of money to the system in the last few years, then it must be true that the state's prison facilities were inadequate. The discussion of funding should set alarm bells off because good funding does not equate with good results. In fact, this question raises the paradox that high funding might actually mean that the prisons are in dire shape and desperately need the money.
Choice (D) is irrelevant; the cost of maintaining other institutions is not in question.
Choice (E) has no effect on the argument; even if we agree that the state should not use their money in this way, a statement of opinion can have no bearing on an argument's logical structure.
Choice (C) most seriously undermines the representative's argument, and is the best choice.
Your answer explanation states the following: "state plans to allocate a lot of funds to the prison system in the next year". I have a problem with this line of reasoning. The argument states that money has already been spent on the prison facilities over the past years. As such, it becomes relevant - in light of weaking the reasoning - to demonstrate that throwing more money at something does not necessarily improve the state of the facilities, e.g.: personnel could generally require more and more wages. Answer option D is the only possible answer that does this. Happy to receive input.

Author:  Jane [ Sun Aug 04, 2013 11:00 am ]
Post subject:  Re: GMAT Verbal Critical Reasoning

There are fallacy of equivocation errors in (D). Cost to maintain does not equal cost. "More than any other project" does not equal the same thing as the cost to maintain.

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