| Chapter 4: About the E-rater
What the E-rater Grades
The E-rater is "bot", or a distant cousin of search engine spiders used to analyze and read web pages. The E-rater will read your essays and look for phrases that indicate competent reasoning.
The E-rater uses a stored battery of hundreds graded essays for each of the 280 essay questions (this is part of the reason that GMAT essays haven't changed in years, to do so would require re-programming the E-rater). The E-rater has sample 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 score essays for each topic. The E-rater will evaluate your essay in terms of the stored essays in the E-rater's database. If the essay you wrote resembles the stored "6" essays in the E-rater's database, you will get that score. If your essay better resembles the "5's" in the E-rater's memory, you will get a "5" from the E-rater.
is why it is so important to read the 20
sample essays we have. You will see how well written arguments
are structured and you will learn the proper style necessary
to impress both the E-rater and the human grader.
What the E-rater doesn't grade
The E-rater cannot detect certain things, such as humor, spelling errors or grammar. It analyzes structure through using transitional phrases, paragraph changes, etc. It evaluates content through comparing your score to that of other students. If you have a brilliant argument that uses an unusual argument style, the E-rater will not detect it.
does, however, detect spelling and grammar indirectly. If your transition
phrases and logical identifiers (e.g.- "therefore", "for
example") are not properly spelled, the E-rater will not detect
them. Since the E-rater uses the presence of such transitional phrases
as an indicator of effective writing, you are indirectly penalized
if they are not spelled correctly.
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