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   AWA Essay Guide
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spacer left_arrow Chapter 1: AWA Introduction
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spacer active_arrow Chapter 2: Analysis of Issue
spacer   2a. Content
2b. Timing
2c. Structure
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spacer left_arrow Chapter 3: Analysis of Argument
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spacer left_arrow Chapter 4: About the E-Rater
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spacer left_arrow Chapter 5: Improving Your Writing
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spacer left_arrow Chapter 6: Real Essay Questions
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spacer left_arrow 10 Most Common Errors
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Chapter 2 - Section 2b. Analysis of Issue: Timing
 
  Print out chapter  

How to write a coherent 300-word essay in 30 minutes or less.

 
Step 1. Examine the issue (3-4 minutes)

a. What is the basic issue? Try to phrase it as a question.

b. Those in favor would say___________________.

c. Those against would say___________________.


 
Step 2. Choose what points you want to make (4-5 minutes)

a. Arguments in favor:

b. Arguments opposed:

c. Take a side: which side do you prefer?

d. Write a thesis statement.

 

 
Step 3. Outline (about 1 minute)

1. Make sure that your outline:
  • states the central idea of the essay clearly and forcefully.
  • provides a word or phrase for every paragraph in the essay.
  • relates each paragraph to the central idea of the essay in (2a) above.
  • includes both opening and closing paragraphs that tie the essay together.


2. Build your paragraphs in the essay carefully.
    Following these few simple rules will help you produce effective writing on analyzing an issue:
  • Use topic sentences that not only sum up the idea of the paragraph, but also relate to the main argument of the essay.
  • Every statement in each paragraph should relate to the central idea of the paragraph in (3a) above. In each paragraph, use examples to support the central idea or explain it completely.
  • Consciously choose paragraph length. If your paragraphs are all too short (one or two sentences), you will be penalized. If they are too long, you will also be penalized.

 

 
Step 4: Write/type your essay (18-20 minutes)
  • What's your thesis sentence?
  • Arguments for…
  • Arguments opposed...

 

 
Step 5: Proofread your work (2-3 minutes)
  • Check for grammar, spelling, etc.



spacerContinue  Chapter 2c: Analysis of Issue - Structure