HOW TO HANDLE MACRO QUESTIONS
To answer a macro question, you need to understand how the major parts of the passage fit together. This is why we use Five Questions (The Five Steps):
Question 1. What is the passage type?
Question 2. What is each paragraph about?
Question 3. What is the organization? Create a mental road map.
Question 4. What is the Big Idea?
Question 5. What is the author’s purpose?
The Five Questions are an effective means for answering macro questions because they enable you to focus on the passage's "big issues."
As you read the passage, look for answers to the Five Questions. Once you've done this, you should be able to answer the macro questions without going back to the passage. You will then have plenty of time for answering the micro questions.