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    Reading Comprehension
  I: Introduction  
  II: The Challenge  
  III: The Five Steps  
     1. Passage Classification  
     2. Breaking Down Each Passage  
     3. See the Organization  
     3a. Short Essays  
     3b. Long Essays  
     4. Find the Big Idea  
     5. Diagnose Author's Purpose  
  IV: Question Types  
  V: Tips  
  VI: Sample Essays  
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III-3. The Five Steps- See the Organization
 
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Next we will analyze the author's organization and develop a road map of the text. A road map essentially paraphrases the main point of each paragraph.

Why do you need to make a mental road map of the passage?

1. Often, in order to uncover the author's main point, you will need to combine the author's statements and the organizational structure. Outlining the structure will make the essay's purpose and underlying reasoning more apparent.

2. Detail questions ask you to answer questions related to specific information in the essay. If you know the organization of the essay, you will have a better idea where that information is located and you will find relevant details more efficiently.

3. By reading and writing a raod map, you are increasing your retention by doubling your brain's exposure to the content. This makes re-reading less necessary and ultimately saves you time.

Your strategies for reading and mapping will vary depending on the length of the essay.

 

2. Breaking Down Each Passage

3a. Short Essays