1. What is an argument?
A strong argument tries to persuade the reader to accept a point of view using:
1. A declarative statement of an idea or opinion.
2. Support for the statement: including relevant facts, opinions based on facts and/or careful reasoning.
2. What is the Analysis of Argument?
Analysis of Argument questions present a short argument on an issue. You are asked to analyze the argument and discuss how well it is reasoned. You will be looking for flaws in reasoning and weak use of evidence. You will have to consider the assumptions that underlie the writer’s thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken his or her conclusion.
Your essay does not necessarily have to focus on the argument’s flaws. If you believe the argument is sound, your writing could detail ways in which the argument could be strengthened. Whichever method you choose, it is your job to come up with evidence that would strengthen or refute the argument.
Here is a simplified example of an Analysis of Argument question:
Toads cause warts. I touched a toad last week and now I have a wart, therefore the toad was responsible.
How would you rate the accuracy of the above statement? Support your position with reasons and examples.