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    Reading Comprehension
  I: Introduction
  II: The Challenge
III: The Five Steps  
1. Passage Classification
2. Breaking Down Each Passage
3. See the Organization
3a. Short Essays
3b. Long Essays
4. Find the Big Idea
  5. Diagnose Author's Purpose  
  IV: Question Types  
  V: Tips
  VI: Sample Questions


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IV: The Five Steps
 

 

Now that we know question types, let's now begin to break down passages. Here is the basic strategy you should take while reading a passage in order to prepare for the questions.

Perform these 5 steps while you read:

1. Classify the Passage
Is this a persuasive essay or a descriptive one? Is it science or humanities?
2. Break down each paragraph
Look for main idea, tone and transitions.
3. See the Organization
Make mental road map of essay and/or draw out map structure on your dry erase scratch paper.
4. Find the Big Idea
Look for unusual language that makes an important point.
Pay more attention to first and last paragraphs.
5. Diagnose the author's purpose
Look for intention in the essay.
   

 


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III: Question Types


Passage Classification