| Chapter 3 - Section 1:
Analysis of Argument
What is an argument?
A strong argument tries to persuade the reader to accept a point of view. When writing an essay be sure to include the following in your argument:
When writing an argument is essential
to both make a statement and then provide a foundation of evidence
to back up this statement.
What is the Analysis of Argument?
Analysis of argument questions present a short argument on an issue. You are asked to analyze the argument and discuss how well it is reasoned. You will be looking for flaws in reasoning and weak use of evidence. You will have to consider the assumptions that underlie the writer's thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken his or her conclusion. It is your job to come up with evidence that would strengthen or refute the argument, or what changes would make it more sound.
How is it different than Analysis of Issue?
On Analysis of Issue questions you try to argue grand issues such as "Should China be in the WTO," or "Should parents have vouchers to send children to the school of their choice". Reasonable people could differ in opinion on Analysis of Issue, but no reasonable person would absolutely support something in an Analysis of Argument question. When you are doing Analysis of Argument questions, look for glaring reasoning fallacies.
Graders expect the following:
As in the case of the Analysis of Issue, the topic sentence of each paragraph must contain the germ of the idea that permeates the entire paragraph. Each example or illustration must connect to that idea using transitional markers such as for example, furthermore, therefore, thus or moreover.
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